ẒIDDUK HA-DIN (Heb. צִדּוּק הַדִּין; lit. "acknowledgment of (Divine) justice"), the term for the Jewish burial service. The service commences with the recitation of Deuteronomy 32:4, "The Rock\! – His deeds are perfect, yea, all His ways are just…" and includes a reading of Jeremiah 32:19; Psalms 92:16; Job 1:21; and other verses. lt concludes with Psalms 78:38; Isaiah 25:8; the benediction "Who formed you in judgment…" and the Kaddish le-Ḥadata. On the days when Taḥanun\>\> is not said, Psalm 16 replaces the opening verses in some rites. Various parts of the prayer are mentioned in the Talmud. Ḥanina b. Teradyon quoted the first half of Deuteronomy 32:4 before being executed by the Romans, his wife completed the verse, and his daughter recited Jeremiah 32:19 (Av. Zar. 18a). The special Kaddish, which includes references to Ereẓ Israel and expresses a hope that the Temple may be rebuilt, is mentioned in Soferim 19:12. The benediction is cited in the Tosefta (Ber. 7:6 in a different version; cf. the baraita in Ber. 58b). The present form dates from the geonic period (Zunz, Lit Poesie, 21). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Abrahams, Companion, ccxxvi–ccxxx; Idelsohn, Liturgy, 171f.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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